Peter C. Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, Mark A. McDaniel, Make it Stick
About This Strategy Source
Make It Stick draws on cognitive psychology and other disciplines to offer techniques for becoming more productive learners.
Make It Stick draws on cognitive psychology and other disciplines to offer techniques for becoming more productive learners. The driving force behind Make It Stick is the message that learning is an acquired skill, rather than simply an innate ability. In fact, both learning-how-to-learn and learning itself change your brain -the act of learning actually makes you more intelligent.
Although it’s a challenging, life-long journey, Make It Stick has made inciteful discoveries about how that process works in order to help both students and teachers utilise techniques for highly effective learning as they are outlined in the book.
Instead of buying into the outdated myths that still hold many of us back, it’s important to realise three things:
Mindless repetition does not build memory – quality, type and timing of repetition are each as important as quantity;
Fluency is not the same as understanding – just because you can repeat something, it doesn’t mean you get it;
Creativity and knowledge are not separate – creativity requires knowledge, and knowledge must be memorised.
Dispelling these myths and laying out an alternative, more practical path to better learning is Make It Stick's purpose.
What is this strategy about?
Periodic practice stops pupils forgetting, strengthens retrieval and is essential for hanging onto the knowledge you want the pupils to retain. You also need to interleave subjects - don’t just study one topic at once. Study that topic but also review small chunks of previous topics/skills.
Why do children forget what they have learned?
It is normal for children to forget things they have learned at school as learning takes time and repetition. So it is important for children to practice and review the information that they have learned so that it can move from their short-term memory to long-term memory. Click here to learn the importance of Spacing and Interleaving for developing students' knowledge.